1. Overview: Conduct a brief OVERVIEW of the visual or graphic. This should be in the form of a brief paraphrase or summary.

2. Parts: Key is on the PARTS of the image by reading the visual as a text, looking for literary techniques such as imagery, simile, metaphor, symbol, and irony.

3. Title: Read the TITLE or caption of the visual (if one is present) so that you are clear on the subject it is covering.

4. Interrelationships: Use the title as your theory and parts of the visual as your clues to detect and specify the INTERRELATIONSHIPS in the graphic.

5. Conclusion: Draw a CONCLUSION about the visual as a whole by stating its theme or the argument it’s making.


Suggested by Jeffery Shauberger

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